Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) created a history by launching a record number of 20 satellites in a single mission including a number of micro and nano ones from foreign countries, in June 2016. Apart from the Indian remote sensing satellite, Cartosat 2C, which constitutes the primary payload, the rocket will carry on board four micro-satellites weighing 85 to 130 kg each and 17 nano-satellites weighing 4 to 30 kg.
On 22nd June 2016, Indian Space Research Organisation launched 20 satellites in one go from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh thus beating its previous record of sending 10 satellites in 2008.
17 co-passenger satellites were international customer satellites from Canada (2), Germany (1), Indonesia (1) and the United States (13). Among 20 satellites two satellites were of India which were built by Indian students, names of these two satellites are Sathyabamasat and Swayam.
The micro-satellites include:
- Maritime Monitoring and Messaging Microsatellite (M3MSAT) of Canada, to be used for collection and study of automatic identification system signals from low earth orbit.
- LAPAN A3 of Indonesia for earth surveillance and magnetic field monitoring.
- German satellite BIROS meant for remote sensing of high temperature events.
- SKYSAT Gen2-1 from the US that will be used for earth imaging.
Do You Know :
It is the highest number of satellites ever to be launched by the space agency, Earlier they have sent 10 satellites into orbit in a single mission in 2008. Setting a world record, in 2013 NASA had sent total 29 satellites to the orbit in a single launch.
Some interesting facts about ISRO
1. ISRO was formed on Independence day, 1969 by Dr.Vikram Sarabhai.
2. SLV-3 was India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle and A.P.J. Abdum Kalam Ji was the director of the project.
3. ISRO’s expenditure in the last 40 years = Half of NASA’s single year budget.
4. ISRO’s budget is only 0.34 per cent of the central government expenditure at present and 0.08 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
5. ISRO also developed Bhuvan, a web-based 3D satellite imagery tool which is the Indian incarnation of Google Earth.