Notes on Socio-Economic and Caste Census- SECC


The SECC enables the Government in ranking households based on authentic information on the socio-economic conditions of households. The data and information on households have been obtained through interactive and comprehensive door to door enumeration of households across the country.


    • The entire exercise of census is paperless and has been conducted on handheld electronic devices (Tablet PCs).
    • This has drastically reduced data entry errors and enumerator.
    • This is the first time that such a comprehensive exercise is being carried out for both rural and urban India.

How will SECC data help? 

SECC data uses National Population Register‘s (NPR) Temporary Identification Number (TIN) for identification of households.

      • SECC would enable the Government to introduce much needed focussed and targeted intervention‘ in poverty reduction and rural development programmes as it is based on information furnished by the households.
      • A development plan at Gram Panchayat level based on Socio-Economic and Caste CensusC would enable convergence of resources, funds and government‘s intervention for preparing and implementing Gram Panchayat Plan for speedy and targeted poverty reduction.
      • The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) will use the Socio-Economic and Caste Census data to undertake planning for poverty free Panchayats involving PRIs and Self Help Groups from poor households.
      • It has been decided by the Minister of Rural Development to mandatorily use Socio-Economic and Caste Census data in all MoRD Programmes to enable better convergence and tracking over time.
      • Socio-Economic and Caste Census data and the system of regular data updation should be developed so that household wise progress could be mapped and households needing developmental and social support are tracked over the years.

Why isn’t the SECC, conducted under the Census Act, 1948?

Individual particulars conducted under the Census Act, 1948, are kept confidential. The SECC, requires putting such statistics (except for caste-related data) in the public domain. However, the SECC, is being conducted using the same administrative apparatus as used in the decennial population census.

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